We are piloting new online programming to help support each other and offer alternative ways for our members to stay connected and creative from their homes. Join us for these online artist meet ups, workshops, studio visits and demos for our members and printmaking community. Our virtual events will take place online via Zoom. MGNE membership not required. Upon registration you will receive the Zoom login and information.If you have an idea or would like to host a virutal workshop or studio visit, please email us: email@example.com.
MGNE PROGRAMMING AND COMMUNITY NEWS
MGNE EVENTS & VIRTUAL PROGRAMMING
Thursday, Sept 23, 2021 at 6:00pm ET
Priority Prints Virtual Artist Reception & Tour
Join us as we celebrate our exhibition “Priority Prints” with an exhibition tour with curator Erika Lawlor Schmidt and presentations by select participating artists.
Thursday, October 21, 2021 at 6:00pm
MGNE Virtual Artist Reception for “ImPRESSive”at the Rhode Island Watercolor Society
Join the juror, Adrian Tió, and select artist prize winners for a virtual tour and presentations to celebrate the dynamic exhibition at the Rhode Island Watercolor Society.
RECORDINGS OF MGNE ARTIST TALKS
Printing Without A Press: Gelatin Plate Monotypes with Tamar Etingen
Join MGNE artist Tamar Etigen as she explore the versatility of using a cast pharmaceutical gelatin plate to create multi-layered images using plant material and found objects. Tamar will demonstrate how to create colorful monotypes using this non-toxic, low tech, versatile, very accessible medium.
Plants to Paper: Artist Talk with May Babcock
Learn how papermaker May Babcock turns plants like milkweed and seaweed into paper art. As an interdisciplinary artist and founder of Paperslurry.com, May will explore how her work is rooted in hand papermaking and place. She will discuss how collaboration between people, plants, and paper gives opportunities for deep communication and healing in a climate-changed world.
Creating Inks from Natural Materials with Marjorie Morgan
Designed for monotype and monoprint printmakers, this event combines art making with cooking and environmentalism as it shows the dynamic nature of working with natural inks. In this Demo/Workshop, Marjorie Morgan will discuss the advantages of creating natural inks, show images of artwork, and then demonstrate how to create inks, prepare plates and print with them. The demonstration will include how to create two different inks at home, and how to print with them using a press, a pasta roller, or no press at all.
Artist Talk with Carol MacDonald
Join MGNE board member and Artist Carol MacDonald for a virtual tour of her current exhibition Mending Fences at the Rokeby Museum. After the virtual tour of the exhibition. Carol discusses the process of making the series of 17 monotypes created with antique clothing and lace.
Plein Air/Portable Printmaking with Carolyn Letvin
Join MGNE board member and artist Carolyn Letvin to learn more about Plein Air/Portable Printmaking. This demonstration will present a basic printmaking technique that can easily be taken into the field for plein air monotyping.
Expanding Opportunities: Eastern Print-Making Papers at Paper Connection
With hundreds of variations of Eastern and Japanese papers, from heritage washi to the inexpensive, pulp-added, machine-made papers, it can be challenging to decide what kind of paper to use for your prints. Join Lauren Pearlman Sugita, Founder & President of the Paper Connection, to discuss the versatility of Eastern & Japanese paper for printmakers.
Everything but the Kitchen Sink: Improvisational and Press-Free Printmaking During the Pandemic
Join painter and printmaker Kelly Slater for this “Kitchen-Table Printmaking” demostration. Kelly will share her press-free printing techniques where she uses everything but the kitchen sink—focusing especially on trace and reduction monotypes and combinations thereof.
Monotypes In Motion with Susan Rostow & thepostdigitalprintmaker
Studio Tour & Artists Talk with Shepherd & Maudsleigh Studio Artists
Join Shepherd & Maudsleigh Studio artists, including Rebekah Lord Gardiner, Liz Shepherd, Sandra Cardillo, Gail Hanson, and Elissa Freud, for a tour of their studio and a discussion about their recent work.
Studio Tour with Circling The Square Fine Art Press
Join MGNE artists Caroline Sheridan Loose and Judith Long for a tour of Circling the Square Fine Art Press, along with founder and Artistic Director Karen Adrienne. Located in Gardiner, Maine, they will discuss the studio and samples of their past work and/or work in progress. This virtual tourwill take place online via Zoom. Free admission, but registration is required. Limited capacity.
VIDEO TO BE POSTED SOON
Virtual Artist Reception: Collaborative Transformations
Join us for the artist reception to celebrate the launch of our online exhibition Collaborative Transformations, featuring collaborative prints created by our MGNE Maine Regional Artists. A group of participating artists will share about the process of working collaboratively and what they have learned from each other and the process. Through this expansive, unifying activity during a dark and difficult time, members not only became acquainted and formed common bonds, they have become a community.
Recording Coming Soon
Experimental Impressions: The Seventeenth-Century Origins of Monotype
Monotypes emerged as an important experimental medium in the nineteenth century with the innovative prints of Degas, Gauguin, Pissarro, and others. Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione is often credited with inventing the monotype technique in the seventeenth century, but it is unlikely that Degas and his contemporaries were looking at Castiglione’s prints. Rather, it was Rembrandt van Rijn’s experimental etchings that provided the most important catalyst for nineteenth-century monotypists. Join Prof. Alexandra Onuf as she explores the visual, technical and conceptual through lines from Rembrandt and other seventeenth-century printmakers to Degas and his circle in order to understand the experimental foundations for the monotype “revival” in the nineteenth century.
February 10, 2021
The Secret History of the Color Red with Alison Cariens
Seeing RED for Valentine’s Day? Explore the unexpected history of this seductive color with conservation coordinator Alison Cariens, one of the voices from the popular audio tour of the Forbes Pigment Collection. Get a behind the scenes look at the Reds of the Harvard Art Museums’ Forbes Pigment Collection, home to more than 2,700 samples of pigments, spanning the history of art.
MEMBERS’ REGIONAL VIRTUAL SMALL GROUPS
- New Hampshire
- Vermont & Canada
- Cape Cod & Islands
- Western MA
- South of Boston/South Shore
- Southern MA & Rhode Island
- Outside New England area
MEMBERS’ EXHIBITION & WORKSHOP NEWS
During this time, we encourage you to contact galleries, museums and artists to learn more about safety precautions related to COVID-19 before attending an exhibition or workshop. MGNE endorses the use of face coverings, social distancing, and other public health recommendations by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and state-level health departments.
EXHIBITIONS FEATURING MGNE MEMBERS:
Stone Valley Arts at Fox Hill
September 3 – October 18, 2021
Artists’ Reception: Sunday, September 12, 2-5 pm
Hours: Sundays, 1-4 pm or by appointment
Conversations in Printmaking
Oxbow Gallery, Front Room
September 2 – 26, 2021
Opening Reception: Friday, September 10, 5-7 pm
Natural Inks Demonstration and Printing Techniques: Friday, September 17, 5 – 6:30pm
Artists’ Conversation: Friday, September 24, 5-6pm
Art at the Kent, Historic Kents’ Corner
September 10 – October 10, 2021
Opening Reception: Saturday, September 11, 3-5 pm
*Reserve Tickets are required for the Opening Reception on Sept. 11, 3-5 pm
Closing Reception: Sunday, October 10, 3-5 pm
MGNE membership Chair Carol MacDonald is exhibiting a series of nine drawings/monotypes along with an outdoor installation of her knitting at Art at the Kent, which is a historic building in the beautiful rural setting of Kents’ Corners in Calais, Vermont. The Kents’ Corner State Historic Site is a state-owned historic site, administered by the Vermont Division for Historic Preservation.
Joan Hausrath: Looking Back
A Twenty Year Retrospective of Printmaking
August 3 – September 30, 2021
Opening Reception: September 12, 1-2:30 pm
On exhibit in the newly reopened Gallery 175 at 175 Main Street in Pawtucket are prints by MGNE member Joan Hausrath. Titled Looking Back, the exhibition displays prints from several series of the artist’s work created over the past twenty years.
The prints on exhibit include scenes inspired by the dramatic landscape of Iceland, images inspired by archaeological finds, and depictions of Mexican masks. Another series uses diagramed pictographs to record destinations in Hausrath’s world travels, while her recent work uses etched images of stones placed both in their natural setting and in architectural configurations.
For the past thirty years Hausrath has been researching safer alternatives to the centuries-old tradition of using acids and solvent based materials in printmaking and has received a number of grants to fund her studies. She currently teaches workshops in non-toxic printmaking to regional print groups.
Changing Since Changing: 2021 MFA Summer Thesis
MassArt x SoWa
Through August 16, 2021
Collaborative Transformations Online Exhibition
In early spring, 2020, in response to Covid-19, MGNE began to explore virtual programming and community building in order to continue to serve its membership while respecting CDC guidelines. Regional groups of printmakers began forming and meeting virtually throughout New England and beyond.
A group of MGNE members residing in Maine began meeting virtually in May 2020. The regional group of Maine printmakers divided into four small randomly chosen autonomous groups of three or four printmakers. Usually each member would begin a print and mail it to another member in a pre-arranged order to continue working. Once each small group member had contributed to the print, it was returned to the originator to title and rework if needed. By late summer of 2020, the first cycle of collaborative prints was finished. As of Spring 2021, they are completing their second cycle of collaborative prints.
We are thrilled to present this virtual exhibition to showcase these collaborative transformations. As other regional MGNE groups have started their own collaboration print projects, this virtual exhibition will be ongoing through 2021 as projects continue to transform and evolve. Additional prints from the MGNE Maine artists and beyond will continue to be added.
Pawttucket Artist Collaborative
PAC Mill Gallery
July 30 – August 8, 2021
Opening Reception: July 30, 6 pm
July 1-25, 2021
MGNE member Diane Cameron will be exhibiting works on paper (monoprints/collage) and sculpture in a solo show at Galerie Hors-cadre in Knowlton (Lac Brome), Quebec in July. Meet the artist every Sunday afternoon in July.
85th National Midyear Show
The Butler Institute of American Art
July 18 – September 5, 2021
Opening Reception: July 18, 1-3 pm
July 1-25, 2021
MGNE member Diane Cameron will be exhibiting works on paper (monoprints/collage) and sculpture in a solo show at Galerie Hors-cadre in Knowlton (Lac Brome), Quebec in July. Meet the artist every Sunday afternoon in July.
Technique Video Series
Launched June, 2021
Arts Count Day Series
Bridgeport Public Schools
Double Vision: Juried Online Exhibition
March 5 – 28, 2021
On Paper: Printmaking, Book Arts & Beyond
Annemarie Sculpture Garden & Arts Center
February 19 – September 26, 2021
MGNE member Linda Nichols‘ monotype Paw Paw is on view in this juried exhibition of contemporary art on paper. Visit the website to view the works online, take a video tour of the exhibition and scroll down the page to watch a video about Linda’s process!
Meet the Artist Series
Chatham Bars Inn
Saturday March 13, 1 – 5pm
MGNE member Joyce Zavorskas will be exhibiting her large, framed monotypes and other artworks. if you are on the Cape, stop by for a chat!
A Change in the Light
The Cliché-verre in Nineteenth Century France
The Clark Art Institute
February 13 – May 16, 2021
MGNE member Corinne Rhodes was invited to create cliché-verre plates for the exhibition’s didactic display case to illustrate each step for two processes, one which uses lithographic ink and the other oil paint as the bases of the photographic glass negatives. The plates were then printed by photographer Jonathan Kline on light-sensitive photo paper using archival processes.
ABOUT THE EXHIBITION : Cliché-verre, a hybrid process developed in the mid-nineteenth century, combined the techniques of the graphic arts—namely drawing and printmaking—with those of the new medium of photography. Located between conventional printmaking and novel photography, the hybrid technique combined tradition and modernity. The same is true of the prints on view, in which historical scenes and pastoral idylls commingle with landscapes bearing traces of urbanization and industrialization. This exhibition presents clichés-verre by five French artists—Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Charles-François Daubigny, Eugène Delacroix, Jean-François Millet, and Théodore Rousseau. The works are drawn from a historic portfolio recently acquired by the Clark. Printed in 1921 from a set of original cliché-verre plates, the Clark’s portfolio is one of a special edition of just five that includes two variant printings of each plate. In addition to displaying a single complete set of plates, the exhibition will feature a number of pairings of variant prints to demonstrate the range of expressive potential in printing a cliché-verre.
Cambridge Art Association
January 19 – March 19, 2021
Juried online exhibition featuring ‘Broken Beauty I’, a monotype by MGNE member Donna Gordon.
WORKSHOPS OFFERED BY MGNE MEMBERS:
Fall Monotype Workshops with Carol MacDonald
September 16, 17, 18 (Thu, Fri, Sat)
October 14, 15, 16 (Thu, Fri, Sat)
November 18, 19, 20 (Thu, Fri, Sat)
December 9, 10, 11 (Thu, Fri, Sat)
All workshops run from 9 am – 2 pm and cost $100/day
Workshops includes demonstrations of different monoprinting
techniques using an etching press and fully supported studio time
to work on your own images. No experience needed.
All materials included!
Materials Provided: inks, paints, plates, brayers, brushes, and up to
five 22″x30″ pieces of paper. (A paper fee may be charged for additional paper)
Carol MacDonald Studio
614 Macrae Rd.
Colchester, VT 05446
To register email Carol at: firstname.lastname@example.org
In-person Spring Session Courses with Paula DeSimone
Beginning Monotype with Collage: Creating Unique Prints
Wednesdays April 7 – May 26 from 9 am – 12 pm
Create unique and experimental prints and collages using the etching press. Students will Learn how to use the press and develop skills to create one of a kind prints combined with collage.
Intermediate Monotype with Collage: Creating Unique Prints
Fridays April 9 – May 28 from 9 am – 12 pm
Create complex colorful prints and collages. Students in this Intermediate class will continue to work with the etching press and expand upon their existing printmaking skills. Color overlays and multiple plate processes will be explored while advancing composition .Integration techniques for collage will be covered and demonstrated. Ideal for students with experience and wish to advance . Golden Open Acrylics will be demonstrated for dramatic color effects.
Danforth Museum School at Framingham State University
May 10 – 11, 2021
Monday & Tuesday, 9 am – 1 pm
Monotype Workshop with Joyce Zavorskas
Cape Cod Museum of Art
Students will learn to create painterly spontaneous images on smooth acrylic plates using small rubber brayers, brushes, and oil based etching ink.
Students will bring images of familiar beloved places, people, or things to each class and create painterly spontaneous images on smooth acrylic plates using small rubber brayers, brushes, and oil base etching ink. Dampened 100% rag paper placed on top of the inked plate, and passed through the press with gentle pressure, produces a unique impression that is intimately and permanently bonded with the fibers of the paper. The glistening layers of radiant ink create truly unique images with depth, mystery, memory, and delight. Demonstrations each day will help to develop individual explorations. Clean-up will be with baby oil or Gamsol.
Beginner to advanced students welcome. Limited to 8 students. Learn more and register here: ccmoa.org
ONGOING (Virtual Video Series Workshop)
Creating Ink From Natural Dyes with Marjorie Morgan
Zea Mays Printmaking
This series of four video tutorials introduces students to the exciting field of making handmade inks. This creative learning experience combines artistry with science and environmentalism as we discover how different natural items transform from living matter into rich pigment. Students will learn how to make their own, unique inks from a variety of materials and then use them in creating small paintings and monotypes.
Current Membership at MGNE is required to post your online exhibition and workshop news. (Become a Member or Renew Your Membership) Send your exhibition news to email@example.com and be sure to include: Your full name, the title of the exhibition, venue/gallery name, exhibition dates and a web link to the exhibition’s web page. Send us up to five images with corresponding title and media information if you would like your online exhibition/workshop to be featured on our social media channels.
DEADLINE: July 9, 2021, 11:59 pm
Collages and Construction, Mixed Media
All 2D media, and 3D media able to hang from a wall.
CALL FOR ENTRIES
Menino Arts Center
26 Central Ave, Hyde Park, MA, 02136
Exhibition Dates: August 2 – Sept 27, 2021
Works will be curated and displayed physically at the Menino Arts Center, and also in a virtual 3D gallery that you can enter, stroll, and view at your own pace.
Artists Reception: Friday, August 13, 7-8:30pm. In person unless otherwise notified to be on Zoom. Artists will be given login info several days prior.
Juror: Ekua Holmes, artist, illustrator, designer
Learn more and apply here
DEADLINE: Open Entry Postmarked June 15 (Prints must arrive no later than July 31, 2021)
Awagami International Miniprint Exhibition “AIMPE”
CALL FOR ENTRIES:
This year marks the 5th edition of AIMPE 2021.
Both Japanese and International artists are all invited to enter prints to AIMPE ’21. Prizewinning works will be awarded as a result of skilled multi-level jurying.
The purpose of this exhibition is to introduce ‘washi’ ; Japan’s traditional handmade paper (and cultural treasure) to international printmakers. In so doing, we are pleased to provide an opportunity for artists to exhibit their prints and to promote expressionistic fine art printmaking.
Award-winning works will be displayed within Awagami’s Hall of Awa Japanese Handmade Paper Museum. All other prints will be displayed in Awagami’s spacious “Inbe Art Space”. Award-winning prints previous four AIMPE will be displayed at satellite venues in Japan.
All artists are invited to submit works to the AIMPE exhibition and we look forward to receiving a great number of wonderful miniprints. During the AIMPE exhibition, printmaking specialists and selected artists will conduct workshops and print-related symposiums at the exhibition sites.
For more information and an application form, please visit miniprint.agawami.jp
DEADLINE: July 30, 2021
Entries accepted from June 1, 2021
ImPRESSive: Juried Members Exhibition
October 2, 2021- November 5, 2021
Monotype Guild of New England Members’ Juried Exhibit:
The Rhode Island Watercolor Society Gallery
Slater Memorial Park, 831 Armistice Blvd., Pawtucket, RI 02861
The Monotype Guild of New England announces its fall 2021 juried members exhibition entitled “ImPRESSive” at Rhode Island Watercolor Society in Pawtucket, RI. Prizes, chosen by juror, Adrian Tió, will be awarded: 1st place: $250, 2nd place: $150, 3rd place: $100.
MGNE invites Guild members and Rhode Island Watercolor Society members in good standing to submit up to three monotypes or monoprints. MGNE membership is open to all artists in the United States working in the medium of one-of-a-kind prints. Please read more details about this exhibition opportunity here.
DEADLINE: August 20, 2021
Entries accepted from May 12, 2021
September 3, 2021- October 18, 2021
Monotype Guild of New England Members’ Open Exhibit:
Stone Valley Arts at Fox Hill
145 E Main St, Poultney, VT 05764
The Monotype Guild of New England announces its first in-person (mail) exhibition with an open members show entitled “Priority Prints” at Stone Valley Arts at Fox Hill in Poultney, Vermont. More than 200 works submitted from among the MGNE’s members will be shown over three floors in an historic stone building September 3 through October 1.
MGNE invites members in good standing to submit up to two unframed monotypes or monoprints. This exhibit is NOT JURIED but will be curated by MGNE member and Stone Valley executive director Erika Lawlor Schmidt. Every entering member artist will have at least one print displayed on the wall behind plexiglass. If space allows, both pieces will be installed. If not, the second work will be placed in a sleeve and shown in bins. All work must be mailed via the United States Postal Service.
Download the full prospectus here for all the print submission and exhibition details.
Submit your prints to MGNE on ArtCall (Opens May 12, 2021).
To renew your membership or join MGNE, please visit our membership page
DEADLINE: September 13, 2021
VICES National Juried Exhibition at Arc Gallery
“Vices are simply the errors which a man makes in his search after his own happiness.” – Lysander Spooner. Read more about this call for vice-related artistic entries at Arc Gallery in San Francisco. Accepted media include: Sculpture, painting, drawing, photo, printmaking, ceramics, assemblage, collage, mixed media, fiber art, glass art and artist books. Juried by Philip Bewley, DZINE Gallery, San Francisco, CA. The exhibition will run from November 20 – December 18, 2021 in two in-person and online components: the juror will select works that will be exhibited in the Arc Gallery at 1246 Folsom Street and works that will be included only on the Arc On-line Gallery. All artwork selected will be included in the exhibition catalog. Catalogs will be available for order at the time of notification.
There is a non-refundable entry fee of $35/entry.
SHARED STUDIO SPACE IN LAWERENCE MA
MGNE Member Kathleen Reming has informed us about a shared studio space with a press in Lawrence, MA. If you are interested, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org for contact information.
EFA-ROBERT BLACKBURN PRINTMAKING WORKSHOP
Various PAY-WHAT-YOU-CAN online demonstrations and PRINT AT HOME online classes
Early Summer Printmaking Classes at ABRAZOS PRESS beginning June 7, 2021
Beginners and Artists at all levels are welcome
ZEA MAYS PRINTMAKING
Various ONLINE WORKSHOPS
ONLINE PRINTMAKING RESOURCES
AMERICANS FOR THE ARTS: COVID-19 RESOURCE & RESPONSE CENTER
Up-to-date news and resources for artists related to COVID-19.
ANTI-RACIST PRINT & PRINTMAKING RESOURCES
An incomplete list of print and printmaking resources for fighting racism and supporting justice and equality.
Webinar | Rallying Together: Resources to Support Artists During COVID-19
EDITIONS / ARTISTS’ BOOKS FAIR
OCTOBER 14 – 28, 2020
Visit the E/AB Fair 2020, fully online, October 14 – 28 on this website. The fair will gather an international community of over 60 publishers and dealers, featuring emerging and mid-career contemporary artists. Each exhibitor will have their own viewing room and will be accessible for artwork discussion and special insights.
THE FRICK COLLECTION
Center for the History of Collecting Print Series/Collecting Impressions: Six Centuries of Print Connoisseurship
Join the Frick Library’s Center for the History of Collecting for a four-part online lecture series exploring the history of print collecting. Each session is free with registration.
Part One: The Print Collector and the Printseller
Wednesday, October 7, 12:00 to 1:00 p.m.
Antony Griffiths, Former Keeper, Department of Prints and Drawings, British Museum
Part Two: Booksellers and the International Distribution of Prints from Antwerp in the Early Seventeenth Century
Wednesday, October 14, 12:00 to 1:00 p.m.
Karen Bowen, independent scholar, Antwerp
Part Three: Heinz Berggruen and the Postwar Print Market
Wednesday, October 21, 12:00 to 1:00 p.m.
Blair Asbury Brooks, Ph.D. candidate, The Graduate Center, CUNY
Part Four: Conversation with Collectors Leslie Garfield and Jordan Schnitzer
Wednesday, October 28, 12:00 to 1:00 p.m.
Jennifer Farrell, Associate Curator, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
This series is co-organized by The Metropolitan Museum of Art’s Department of Drawings and Prints and made possible through the support of the IFPDA Foundation.
Recorded Videos: Center for the History of Collecting
IFPDA Fine Art Print Fair
OCT 7 – NOV 1, 2020
Welcome to Print Month and the first hybrid online/in-person edition of the IFDPA Fine Art Print Fair. We invite you to explore the daily live Print Month events with printmakers, print curators, artists, and collectors. Please register online for access to the Zoom links.
The IFPDA Fine Art Print Fair is the world’s largest international art fair dedicated to printmaking from the 15th century to today. Discover our 100+ international exhibitors, many of whom are offering private, socially distanced in-person and/or Zoom booth tours. Visit the exhibitor pages to access their online viewing rooms, virtual booths hosted by Artsy, and scheduling requests for in-person or online visits with exhibitors who are presenting their booths on-site in their galleries and studios.
Home of the annual IFPDA Print Fair, Online Viewing Rooms, Conversations video series, Basics educational information and print Glossary
Print Resources for Social Justice: A Platform for All . International Print Center New York and The Print Center, Philadelphia have come together to aggregate resources related to print and print culture supporting Black Lives Matter and other social justice causes. This list was born out of the 2020 protests. It is a work in progress. Resources include exhibitions, publications, free/low-cost printing, events, organizations, fundraisers, reading lists, and other initiatives.
Online gallery exhibitions, including their seasonal New Prints Program, live and recorded artists and printers’ talks, bi-weekly Crossword Challenge, Lesson Plans, Virtual Tours and robust Education and Resources listings.
Print Month 2020: IPCNY Events & Related Programming
October 7 to November 1, featuring online versions of longstanding, beloved print fairs, plus extensive virtual events, all free of charge.
THE PRINT CAST
A podcast about printmaking
Incredible online selection of contemporary and historical prints, artists and gallery collections
Online exhibitions of recently printed Tamarind Lithographs
Printed Matter’s Virtual Art Book Fair
Ongoing (February 24-28, 2021)
All the exhibitors’ information and PMVABF’s programs are now permanently archived and accessible through this website after the fair ended on 2/28. Click below to view a virtual treasure trove of new and rare and out-of-print art books and zines.